What are Diamonds?
What are Diamonds?
Diamonds are a particular form of the chemical element Carbon - one of several forms, known as "allotropes" Other allotropes of carbon include graphite (used in pencil "leads"). Diamond is in fact a less stable form of Carbon than graphite, but under nornaml conditions, the conversion rate from diamond to graphite is so slow as to be negligible.
In terms of chemical bonding, diamond is known as giant covalent. Each carbon atom is bonded (by a shared pair of electrons) to 4 surrounding carbon atoms, with the surrounding atoms arranged in a tetrahedral arrangement (bond angle 109.5°), which corresponds to a face-centered cubic crystalline structure. A perfectly formed crystal of diamond, is thus a giant molecule consisting of many millions of Carbon atoms bonded together.
Because of its strong covalent bonds, and the large amount of energy required to break these bonds, diamond is know for its extreme hardness. Additionally, its structure also gives it the highest thermal conductivity of any bulk material.
A pure diamond will be clear, however diamond's structure can often be penetrated by impurities such as atoms of Nitrogen or Boron. These impurities, as well as defects that may arise in the structure, give some diamonds distinctive colors, including:
Please share your comments on this page.
Guide 2 Diamonds
Diamond Clarity Enhancements
Diamond Color Grading
Diamond Scams & Tricks
What are Diamonds?
Note: Our company and this web site does NOT sell jewelry or gems. Any and all jewelry or gems that may appear on, or be linked from, this website, is an advertisement for a product sold by a third party. Please be sure to read product descriptions carefully, and do appropriate research and due diligence before purchasing jewelry or gems or other products. Sorry, we are NOT able to answer questions about jewelry or gems or third party products/websites.
Copyright © 2006-2022, Answers 2000 Limited
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE COMES FROM AMAZON SERVICES LLC. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
CERTAIN CONTENT THAT APPEARS ON THIS SITE,COMES FROM AMAZON EU S.à r.l. THIS CONTENT IS PROVIDED 'AS IS' AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE OR REMOVAL AT ANY TIME.
Disclosure: Our company's websites' content (including this website's content) includes advertisements for our own company's websites, products, and services, and for other organization's websites, products, and services. In the case of links to other organization's websites, our company may receive a payment, (1) if you purchase products or services, or (2) if you sign-up for third party offers, after following links from this website. Unless specifically otherwise stated, information about other organization's products and services, is based on information provided by that organization, the product/service vendor, and/or publicly available information - and should not be taken to mean that we have used the product/service in question. Additionally, our company's websites contain some adverts which we are paid to display, but whose content is not selected by us, such as Google AdSense ads. For more detailed information, please see Advertising/Endorsements Disclosures
Click privacy for information about our company's privacy, data collection and data retention policies, and your rights.
In Association With Amazon.com
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
In Association With Amazon.co.uk
Answers 2000 Limited is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk.
As an Amazon Associate, our company earns from qualifying purchases. Amazon, the Amazon logo, Endless, and the Endless logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates.
All trademarks are property of their respective owners.
All third party content and adverts are copyright of their respective owners.